Home to over
400 Civil War battlefields, Tennessee was the first confederate state to
be readmitted to the Union following the war. This database is a
collection of regimental histories from the state during the war.
Each history chronicles the regiment’s actions during the war and includes
names of commanders and important men. In addition to providing copious
histories for these regiments, a memorial roll is included for men who
fell in battle. For researchers of Civil War ancestors, this can
be an illuminating source of information.
line: Crye, Jonathan, died April 9, 1863 in Loudon Co. TN
I would like to share
with you a family line I have been doing some research on. Now to
preface this, I can only surmise some things, but I feel these conclusions
are obvious. If this is your family line, please help me fill in
some of the blanks and I will submit the corrected version for all readers.
In the earliest beginnings
of this newsletter I mentioned that John F. Crye from Illinois had written
a book on the Crye’s. The following is a copy of some of his work.
James (Jimmy) Crye, as he was called, was the father of James Hawkins (our
grandfather). Note his birth date, 1799. This was the year
George Washington died. Farther back in the 1790 census we find a
James, John and William Crye living in Mecklenburg Co. NC which was one
of the oldest settlements in the state. I would venture a guess that
James was the father of our Jimmy, but at that time, only heads of households
were listed in the census, so I have no way of digging out.
Our James left NC and settled in Bradley Co. TN in late 1830 or early 1840’s.
He took up with one Eveline Melton, a widow with 2 sons by a previous marriage.
We found no marriage record here, however that doesn’t necessarily mean
there wasn’t one. Records were fuzzy then and sometimes they never
bothered with them at all. James was already in his 40’s when he
came to Tennessee and pretty well off for that time as he purchased a section
of land (640 acres) near Cleveland, TN. They farmed and here our
relatives were born. First, J. Scott, born 1843, James Hawkins (our
grandfather) 1852, and a girl called Sis. She married a Pendergrass
and they lived at South Pittsburg, TN and I assume she would be buried
there somewhere. I could find nothing other than Sis on this girl
for a name. There is a picture of her at home and dad told us that
it was Aunt Sis., J. Scott.
I don’t know whether the
J. is for James or John, but this is the way it was listed in the Bible.
James Hawkins, our grandfather, is the other child
of this marriage to
Wash and William Melton, along
with J. Scott were of military age when the Civil War started. First,
here let me tell you that Jimmy, our great grandfather sold his 640 acres
just as the war started and was paid off in Confederate money and lost
every-thing he had as the Confederate money was no good. William
Melton joined the Confederate Army, was wounded and died in a Yankee prison.
Wash Melton and J. Scott Crye was supposed to have come north and joined
the Yankee army. The Confederates knew this and every so often would
raid the Crye place to try to catch them when they would slip home to visit.
The Crye’s were so harassed during this period by the Democrats that they
turned Republican and have to this day remained Republican. That
is, most of the immediate family anyway. I can find no state with
a J. Scott Crye serving in the Yankee forces, however, he returned home
after the war, so did Wash Melton. I personally suspect they were
just hiding out there somewhere until the war ended.
Our grandfather, James Hawkins
was only about 12 years old when the war broke out but he had a very vivid
memory of the war, especially the Yankee raids on the farm. The Yankee
Officers would do everything possible to infuriate great grandfather Jimmy,
and once after they had left, James Hawkins, then 12, asked his father
why he didn’t hit that Yankee Officer for calling him a damn liar.
Great grandfather Jimmy said “son, that was exactly what he wanted me to
do so he could shoot me.”
James Hawkins and J. Scott
came to Cape Girado, MO shortly after the Civil War. James Hawkins
worked and saved enough money to go back to Tennessee and buy 40 acres
of land and take care of his parents until they died and raise his large
family there, including our father’s. J. Scott stayed in MO and Hawkins
had a few letters from him. Then they never heard anymore.
I think their last letter indicated he had moved over into northern Arkansas.
They then lost any trace of him and never heard again. There are
Cryes in Arkansas at Conway, where a Crye owns a bank and a large shoe
store, but they don’t know anything about their people.
James Hawkins said J. Scott was
red headed, blue eyed, stood well over six feet tall and was mean as a
damn snake. He also said Scott was known to have been married at
least three times and had some children by each wife.
Let me just give you the information
I have and you draw your own conclusion.
In 1839 in Lumpkin
Co. GA, James Crye marries Mary Ann Hawkins. A short time after 1840
a James Crye arrives in Bradley Co. TN, and obtained land in the South
Eastern section of this County.
In the 1850
Bradley Co. TN Census, household #603, finds James Crye born ca 1800 in
NC living with wife Mary who appears to have been born about 1793.
Living in the household is a female, Saphronia born about 1825. In
household #605 we find a “Perlina” Melton born about 1817 with sons Washington
14, William 9, and Calvin 7. In household #616 there is an Adam Carpenter
from NC born about 1820 with his wife Isabell born about 1820.
In the 1860
Census of Bradley Co. TN, in household #1700 you find James Cry age 60,
wife Mary age 70 and female Saphia age 40. Next door in household
#1701 is Emeline Melton, age 40, sons Calvin age 15, Winfield S. age 10,
James H age 8, and Mary J. age 6. Four doors down in household #1705
is David Cry, age 35, wife Celia age 40, son William 11, Mary age 9, Martha
8, Andy 6, Ellen 4, and Joseph 1. In household #1730 we find Adam
Carpenter age 41, wife Isabella age 39.
In the 1870 Census
of Bradley County TN in household #47 we find Calvin Melton age 24.
And next door in household #48 James Cry age 72, wife Evaline age 54, son
Scott age 19, son Hawkins age 17, and daughter Mary Jane age 15.
Household #49, George W. Melton age 34 with wife Jane age 23. Household
#50 lists Adam Carpenter age 62, wife Isabella 47, and a female Saffina
Cry age 46.
In the1880 Bradley
Co. TN Census, household #223 we find George Melton age 41, wife Jane 28
and daughter Ellen 4. In household #151 we find Adam Carpenter age
61, wife Isabella age 63 and female Sapphire Cry age 60 listed as a cousin.
Next door in household #152 is James H. Crye age 37, Rachel M. age 23,
Sarah age 1, James Scott age 4/12.
Going on the
internet, I located the Melton family and did some reading. What
I found is they have record of Elisha Melton marrying “Perlina/Emeline”
and having four sons, one who is never listed again after 1850. The
sons are William T., George Washington, and Calvin. William and Calvin
go to Cape Girado about 1870-80. The family tracing proves William
and his marriage to Martha Denton. So, this is the same family.
William T. Melton, was born
about 1841 in TN and died February 19, 1889 (according to internet records).
He married Martha Denton November 4, 1865 in Bradley County, Tennessee,
daughter of Isaac Denton and Jennirjane Roland.
The 1900 Cape Girardeau MO. Census lists:
Denton, George W., Oct 1855, age
April 1832, MO,
Mary, Jul 1851,
Rowland, Sarah J.,
Jun 1842; 57 aunt;
Sep 1870, 20, nephew;
Sep 1877, 22, nephew,
Charley, Sep 1880, 19, nephew;
Aug 1882, 17, niece;
Joseph, Sep 1884,15, nephew.
The part of the story
from James F. Crye about them going to MO to work to earn money to purchase
a farm appears to match this family.
Finding this 1900
Census and the listing for Sarah Rowland as aunt really attracted my attention,
because in 1870 in Bradley Co. TN a W.S. Crye married Sarah Rowland.
Now, W. S. Crye appears
to be Winfield Scott Crye, who is listed in the household of Eveline Melton
in 1860 as Winfield S. age 10, and James H age 8. In 1870 James Crye
and Eveline Melton are living together as husband and wife and the children
listed are Scott age 19, Hawkins 17, and Mary Jane 15. It seems apparent
that Mary Jane is “Sis”; James H. is James Hawkins Crye; and Winfield Scott
is the previously listed James Scott Crye.
The Melton boys, William
T. and Calvin arrive in Cape Giradeau, Missouri according to tax lists
some time about 1874. In 1880 George Melton is still living in Bradley
In 1880 William Melton
isn’t listed with W. S. Crye or Sarah in the household, so I don’t know
when they (Scott & Sarah) arrived in Missouri. But, sometime
in the 25 years after William & Calvin settling there, W.S. Crye “Scott”
and Sarah were somewhere close.
I would appreciate
some feed back on this family line.